Thursday, October 11, 2012

5 to 6 Years Communication Milestones

By the age of 5-6, children should be able to do the following:

Follow 1-2, and 3 step simple directions in a sequence
Listen to and understand age-appropriate stories read aloud
 Follow a simple conversation

Answer open-ended questions (e.g., "What did you have for lunch today?")
 Retell a story or talk about an event
Show interest in and start conversations
 Be easily understood
Answer more complex "yes/no" questions
 Tell and retell stories and events in a logical order
Express ideas with a variety of complete sentences
Use most parts of speech (grammar) correctly
Ask and respond to "wh" questions (who, what, where, when, why)
Stay on topic and take turns in conversation
  Give directions
  Start conversations 

READING: (by age 5)
 Know how a book works (e.g., read from left to right and top to bottom in English)
Understand that spoken words are made up of sounds
Identify words that rhyme (e.g., cat and hat)
 Compare and match words based on their sounds
Understand that letters represent speech sounds and match sounds to letters
Identify upper- and lowercase letters
Recognize some words by sight
"Read" a few picture books from memory
Imitate reading by talking about pictures in a book

READING:  (by age 6)

Create rhyming words
 Identify all sounds in short words
Blend separate sounds to form words
Match spoken words with print
Identify letters, words, and sentences
Sound out words when reading
  Have a sight vocabulary of 100 common words
  Read grade-level material fluently
  Understand what is read

WRITING:  (by age 6)

 Express ideas through writing
Print clearly
Spell frequently used words correctly
 Begin each sentence with capital letters and use ending punctuation
Write a variety of stories, journal entries, or letters/notes

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